Modern monostatic radar-based human activity recognition (HAR) systems perform very well as long as the direction of human activities is either towards or away from the radar. The monostatic single-input single-output (SISO) and monostatic multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar systems cannot detect motion of an object that moves perpendicularly to the radar’s boresight axis. Due to this physical layer limitation, today’s radar-based HAR systems fail to classify multi-directional human activities. In this paper, we resolve this typical but critical physical layer problem of contemporary HAR systems. We propose a HAR system underlying a distributed MIMO radar configuration, where multiple antennas of a millimeter wave MIMO radar system (Ancortek SDR-KIT 2400T2R4) are distributed in an indoor environment. In our proposed HAR system, we have two independent and identical monostatic radar subsystems that irradiate and capture the multi-directional human movement from two perspectives, which allows to compute two distinct time-variant radial velocity distributions. A feature extraction network extracts numerous features from the measured time-variant radial velocity distributions, which are then fused by a multiclass classifier to detect five types of human activities. The proposed multi-perspective MIMO-radar-based HAR system achieves a classification accuracy of 98.52%, which surpasses the accuracy of SISO radar-based HAR system by more than 9%. Our approach resolves the physical layer limitations of modern HAR systems that are based on either monostatic SISO or monostatic MIMO radar systems.
Sist endret: 15.11.2023 12:11