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Konsekvenser av outsource-produksjon for leverandøren

Irfan Irfan disputerer for ph.d.-graden 25. august 2017.

Moreover, offshore outsourcing also helped the outsourcees to integrate into the international economy by developing various combinations of capabilities, developing new products, processes and services by their own, and establishing their own business strategies to export and compete in different markets.

Irfan Irfan

Ph.d.-student / universitetslektor

Irfan Irfan har forsket på hva som motiverer bedrifter som utfører outsourcede oppdrag i utviklingsland, hva de lærer og hvilke konsekvenser denne læringen har. I avhandlingen bruker han pakistansk tekstilindustri som produserer vestlige merkevarer som eksempel.

Han disputerer for ph.d.-graden med avhandlingen “The Learning Impact of Offshore Outsourcing on Developing Economies Suppliers (DESS)” 2017.

Irfan har fulgt doktorgradsprogrammet ved Handelshøyskolen ved UiA med spesialisering i International Management.

Les intervju om avhandlingen: Bedrifter i lavkostland øker salg og ekspertise

 

Slik beskriver kandidaten selv essensen i avhandlingen:

The Learning Impact of Offshore Outsourcing on Developing Economies Supplier Firms

Many Pakistani Textile and Apparel companies who are suppliers to large multinationals such as Levi’s Strauss, Diesel, H&M, Adidas, Dressman, Cubus, M&S, Mustang, Puma, Reebok, Blend, Esprit, Armani Jeans, Replay, Tommy Hilfiger, JCPenny, Nautica, S. Oliver, D&G, American Eagle, Outfitters, Lucky Brand, Pierre Cardin etc.,

Globalization, competition and recent reforms in international business and especially in developing economies drive multinationals corporations (outsourcers) to relocate their activities to foreign suppliers (outsourcees). Among the main drivers of relocation are:  cost minimization; focus on core activities; access to resources; access to markets; access to technological and market knowledge; and access to reliable partners and suppliers.

Seen from the outsourcees point of view

Most earlier research on offshore outsourcing has focused on the multinational corporations and large firms. The current study argues that working in offshore outsourcing partnerships, the benefits of relocation of business activities are not only limited to the multinational corporations and large firms as outsourcers, but also benefits their outsourcees, and especially such firms in developing economies. Thus, the current dissertation focuses on the supplier’s (outsourcee’s) perspective. The main objective of this study is to enhance our understanding about the impact of offshore outsourcing on developing economy supplier firms.

This study has a focus on the learning and capabilities that are developed by outsourcees and aims to investigate the following three questions:

   i) how do suppliers (outsourcees) learn?

   ii) what motivates suppliers (outsourcees) to learn?

   iii) what is the outcome of such suppliers (outsourcee) learning?

Interviews were conducted with selected Pakistani Textile and Apparel firms in order to answer the above-mentioned questions.

An “emerging outsourcee developmental model”

The current study found that, developing economy suppliers working with multinational corporations in outsourcing partnerships opens new avenues in terms of learning new processes, upgrading skills, accessing modern technologies, R&D and innovative capabilities and increasing their sales and exports.

Moreover, offshore outsourcing also helped the outsourcees to integrate into the international economy by developing various combinations of capabilities, developing new products, processes and services by their own, and establishing their own business strategies to export and compete in different markets.

The current dissertation has studied the main learning domains, ways, reasons and their combined effect(s) as the learning impact of offshore outsourcing-developments. This framework and an “emerging outsourcee developmental model” may also serve as an initial trigger to motivate future research.

The findings may also have implication for textile firms and different industries in other developing economies.'

Disputasfakta:

Kandidaten: PhD Candidate Irfan Irfan 1980, Charsadda (KPK), Pakistan. Bachelor in Business Administration (BBA), 2001, Institute of Business and Management Sciences (IBMS), Peshawar, Pakistan. Master in Business Administration (MBA), 2003, Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan, MSc. International Management, 2010, University of Agder, Kristiansand S, Norway.

2004-2007, Served Fuji Film Pakistan Pvt., Ltd. as Assistant Manager Sales and Marketing (Northern Region of Pakistan and Afghanistan)

Prøveforelesning og disputas finner sted iSørlandet auditorium, Kunnskapsparken, Gimlemoen 19, Campus Kristiansand

Tid for prøveforelesning: Fredag 25. august 2017 kl 11:15 – 12:00

Oppgitt emne for prøveforelesning: "The Evolution of Developing Economies Suppliers from Traditional Actors to Emerging Global Challengers: How does the Institutional Context of Pakistan affect Emerging Global Challengers in terms of Future Strategic Options?”

Tid for disputas: Fredag 25. august 2017 kl 13:15

Tittel på avhandling: “The Learning Impact of Offshore Outsourcing on Developing Economies Suppliers (DESS)”

Søk etter avhandlingen i AURA - Agder University Research Archive, som er et digitalt arkiv for vitenskapelige artikler, avhandlinger og masteroppgaver fra ansatte og studenter ved Universitetet i Agder. AURA blir jevnlig oppdatert. Avhandlingen vil være tilgjengelig til utlån ved Universitetsbiblioteket. Det vil bli også lagt ut noen eksemplarer av avhandlingen til utlån i lokalet hvor disputasen finner sted.

Opponenter:

Førsteopponent: Professor Tamar Almor, The College of Management, Office of the Dean of students, Israel

Annenopponent:Professor Paul N. Gooderham, Department of Strategy and Management, NHH, Norge

Bedømmelseskomitéen er ledet av førsteamanuensis Bjørn-Tore Flåten, Department of Management, UiA

Veiledere i doktorgradsarbeidet var professor Harald Knudsen, UiA (hovedveileder) og førsteamanuensis Rotem Shneor, UiA (bi-veileder)