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Essays om kjønn ved folkefinansiering

Priscilla Serwaah fra Handelshøyskolen ved UiA disputerer for ph.d.-graden med avhandlingen «Essays on Gender in Crowdfunding» torsdag 15. september 2022. (Foto: Privat)

As females tend to invest less compared to their male counterparts in traditional financial market, which indeed is driven by certain factors, the broader research question I address in this dissertation relates to the mechanisms underlying gender differences in funding decisions and behavior in crowdfunding

Priscilla Serwaah

Ph.d.-kandidat

Disputasen foregår på campus og digitalt. Se nederst på siden hvordan publikum kan overvære disputasen digitalt (online).

 

Priscilla Serwaah fra Handelshøyskolen ved UiA disputerer for ph.d.-graden med avhandlingen «Essays on Gender in Crowdfunding» torsdag 15. september 2022. (Foto: Privat)

Hun har fulgt doktorgradsprogrammet ved Handelshøyskolen ved UiA.

Les oppsummeringen av avhandlingen av Priscilla Serwaah:

Essays on Gender in Crowdfunding

Females are underrepresented both as fundraisers and funders in financial markets.

As females tend to shape societal norms and conditions with their participation in entrepreneurship, one promising channel for championing female economic empowerment is crowdfunding.

Crowdfunding, through its technological advances, has led innovation in finance and has lowered the threshold for attracting many funders, which means females can participate fully with lower initial capital if they prioritize it.

Despite the emergence of crowdfunding over the past decades, little is known about how it has improved the representation of females in the financial marketplace.

As females tend to invest less compared to their male counterparts in traditional financial market, which indeed is driven by certain factors, the broader research question I address in this dissertation relates to the mechanisms underlying gender differences in funding decisions and behavior in crowdfunding.

This is examined in four studies which are summarized below.

Four studies

The first study reviews previous research works on what influences women’s demand for- and supply of entrepreneurial finance. We find that inconsistent findings in prior studies can be traced to inadequate theoretical foundation. The study highlights the importance of refocusing on subtle factors to uncover obscured relationships.

The second study examines the extent to which crowdfunding has enhanced female financial inclusion and participation by reviewing previous studies in the field. The study’s result points to a general trend where although female participation has not achieved its full potential, it is greater in crowdfunding context than in traditional finance setting.

The third study analyses the gender differences in effects exerted by cognitive factors of crowdfunding contribution intentions in contexts where gender inequality is prevalent.  The results show that females compared to males are more likely to contribute because of social influence and shared similarities with the fundraisers.

The fourth study identifies the pervasiveness of gender differences and examine whether they apply in a gender equal society, where dissimilar life experiences or socialization should be minimal and how this can affect crowdfunding contributions. The results show that females are more likely to contribute because of shared similarities whereas males tend to contribute because of altruism. However, the likelihood to contribute because of self-efficacy does not vary between both females and males.

Implications

Overall, this dissertation has useful and novel implications for practice and society in general.

The study provides evidence for context-contingent effects of gender in funding decisions.

Since the path to financial inclusion is active market participation, the study may also inform platform operators’ service and feature design of crowdfunding in developing contexts, while aiming to enhance female participation in crowdfunding markets.

Disputasfakta: 

Prøveforelesning og disputas finner sted i Auditorium B3 007, Campus Kristiansand og digitalt i konferanseprogrammet Zoom (lenke under).

Disputasen blir ledet av instituttleder Bjørn-Tore Flåten, Institutt for strategi og ledelse, Handelshøyskolen ved Universitetet i Agder.

Prøveforelesning torsdag 15. september kl 11:00

Disputas torsdag 15. september kl 12:30

 

Oppgitt emne for prøveforelesning«Throughout your dissertation you address the issue of risk aversiveness among women and how this influences their decision making. You use studies such as by Charnessa and Gneezy, 2012; Chen et al., 2016; Powell and Ansic, 1997, who all argue that women are more risk averse than men. However, recent literature published on this topic finds that the relationship between risk aversiveness and gender is more complex than accepted previously. Can you address this issue when examining investors and entrepreneurs? How can the participation of minorities in general, not specifically women, be increased in the demand and supply of entrepreneurial finance?»

Tittel på avhandling«Essays on Gender in Crowdfunding»

Søk etter avhandlingen i AURA - Agder University Research Archive, som er et digitalt arkiv for vitenskapelige artikler, avhandlinger og masteroppgaver fra ansatte og studenter ved Universitetet i Agder. AURA blir jevnlig oppdatert.

Avhandlingen er tilgjengelig her:

 

KandidatenPriscilla Serwaah (1991, Kumasi/Ghana) Bachelorgrad fra Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana og mastergrad fra Universitetet i Agder (2017). Tittel på masteroppgave: «The impact of private equity on firms in emerging markets: evidence from Ghana». I dag arbeider hun som vitenskapelig assistent ved Handelshøyskolen ved UiA. 

Opponenter:

Førsteopponent:  Professor Tamar Almor, Colman College of Management, Israel

Annenopponent: Førsteamanuensis Friedemann Polzin, Utrecht University, Nederland

Bedømmelseskomitéen er ledet av professor Sangeeta Singh, Universitetet i Agder

Veileder i doktorgradsarbeidet var professor Rotem Shneor, Universitetet i Agder.

Slik gjør du som online publikum:

Disputasen er åpen for alle, men for å følge prøveforelesning og disputas digitalt må du melde deg som publikummer på denne lenken:

https://uiano.zoom.us/meeting/register/u5YrdeGgpzooGdU_4kwltIN-pspLB0Ahv4vb

Du får en Zoom-lenke i retur. (Her er framgangsmåten for å bruke Zoom: support.zoom.us om du ikke kommer inn ved å klikke på lenken.)

Vi ber online publikum om å ankomme digitalt tidligst ti minutter før oppgitt tid - det vil si til prøveforelesningen 10:50 og disputasen tidligst 12:20. Etter disse klokkeslettene kan du når som helst forlate og komme inn igjen i disputasen. Videre ber vi om at online publikum slår av mikrofon og kamera, og har dette avslått under hele arrangementet. Det gjør du nederst til venstre i bildet når du er i Zoom. Vi anbefaler å velge «Speaker view». Dette velger du oppe til høyre i bildet når du er i Zoom.

Opponent ex auditorio:

Disputasleder inviterer til spørsmål ex auditorio i innledningen i disputasen. Tidsfrist for å stille spørsmål er senest i løpet av pausen mellom opponentene. Den som stiller spørsmål bør ha lest avhandlingen. Kontaktpersonens e-post er tilgjengelig i cha t-funksjonen under disputasen, og spørsmål ex auditorio fra online publikum kan sendes til Gunvor Guttormsen på e-post gunvor.guttormsen@uia.no Ved spørsmål ex auditorio fra salen henvender spørsmålsstiller seg til disputasleder senest i pausen mellom opponentene.