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Hybrid modeling and control of mechatronic systems using a piecewise affine dynamics approach

Philipp Thomas Pasolli of the Faculty of Engineering and Science has submitted his thesis “Hybrid modeling and control of mechatronic systems using piecewise affine dynamics approach”, and will defend the thesis for the PhD-degree Wednesday 27 May 2020. (Photo: Private)

Mechatronic systems are dynamical systems which can have both continuous and discrete dynamic behavior, meaning the system states can both flow (continuously) and jump (discretely). A mechatronic system with both dynamic behaviors is called a hybrid system.

Philipp Thomas Pasolli

PhD Candidate and R&D Engineer

The disputation will be held digitally, because of the Corona covid-19-situation. Spectators may follow the disputation digitally – link and thesis is available below.

Philipp Thomas Pasolli of the Faculty of Engineering and Science has submitted his thesis“Hybrid modeling and control of mechatronic systems using piecewise affine dynamics approach”, and will defend the thesis for the PhD-degree Wednesday 27 May 2020.

He has followed the PhD-programme at the Faculty of Engineering and Science with Spesialisation in Mechatronics.

The PhD has received funding by the EU Clover-project, in  addition to the Norwegian Research Council funding for research fellowships.

Summary of the Thesis by Philipp Thomas Pasolli:

Hybrid modeling and control of mechatronic systems using a piecewise affine dynamics approach

Mechatronic systems are dynamical systems which can have both continuous and discrete dynamic behavior, meaning the system states can both flow (continuously) and jump (discretely).

A mechatronic system with both dynamic behaviors is called a hybrid system.

One of the subclasses of hybrid systems is called piecewise affine (PWA) systems.

PWA systems are the “simplest” extension to linear systems capable of modelling non-linear and non-smooth processes with arbitrary accuracy.

Simulation closer to real life

The industry standard, still today, is to create models of non-linear systems which are linearized around one systems operational point, cf. Figure 1.

Deviating from this point results in an error and therefore reducing the congruence and accuracy between model and system.

Using several linearization points, cf. Figure 2, for modelling a non-linear system increases the accuracy and congruence of the model and its representation of the system and decreases the error between them.

This results in simulation which are closer to the real system/real life, which is highly desirable. To be able to create such a model with multiple linearization’s, PWA modelling approach can be used.

 

Electric and hydraulic models

In this thesis the PWA approach was used to create models which are based on two experimental setups of electric and hydraulic nature.

The electric setup included only one non-linear element (Tunnel-diode), resulting in a rather simple PWA model. The hydraulic setup, due to its hydraulic nature and the components installed, includes several non-linearities, therefore increasing the complexity of the system and the model.

For both setups, PWA model-based simulations, as well as measurements on the experimental setups were performed and compared to one another, confirming that the PWA modeling approach yields results which are better than just using a single linearization approach and which are comparable to the measurements of the real system.

Additionally, for the hydraulic setup an automatically switched position/force control approach was investigated. Traditionally a “nested” control approach is used for systems which have to be both position and force controlled, resulting in performance deficiencies in both controllers. Using a switched approach, as in this thesis, allows for tuning each controller individually, without them interfering with each other, resulting in an overall improved performance.

This switched control approach was included into the existing PWA model and simulations and experiments were performed, verifying the performance of this control approach.

 

Disputasfakta:

Kandidaten: Philipp Thomas Pasolli (1988 Bregenz, Østerrike) BSc Mechatronics Vorarlberg University of Applied Sciences Austria (2012), MSc Mechatronics Vorarlberg University of Applied Sciences, Austria and University of Agder, Norway (2014). Arbeidet som Test engineer at Thyssenkrupp Presta, Liechtenstein (2014 – 2016), arbeider nå som R&D Engineer ved Macgregor i Arendal.

Prøveforelesning og disputas finner sted digitalt på internett i konferanseprogrammet Zoom (lenke under) onsdag 27. mai 2020.

Disputasen blir ledet av dekan, professor Michael Rygaard Hansen Fakultet for teknologi og realfag, UiA.

Prøveforelesning kl 10:15

Disputas kl 12:15

Oppgitt emne for prøveforelesning: “Duality Principle Between the Design of Linear State Feedback Controllers and State Observers”

Tittel på avhandling: “Hybrid modeling and control of mechatronic systems using piecewise affine dynamics approach”

Søk etter avhandlingen i AURA - Agder University Research Archive, som er et digitalt arkiv for vitenskapelige artikler, avhandlinger og masteroppgaver fra ansatte og studenter ved Universitetet i Agder. AURA blir jevnlig oppdatert.

Opponenter:

Førsteopponent: Professor Bengt Lennartson, Chalmers Tekniska Høgskola, Sverige

Annenopponent: PD Dr.-Ing.habil Andreas Rauh, Universität Rostock - Lehrstuhl für Mechatronik, Tyskland

Bedømmelseskomitéen er ledet av førsteamanuensis Margrethe Wold,  Institutt for ingeniørvitenskap, UiA

Veiledere i doktorgradsarbeidet var førsteamanuensis Michael Ruderman (hovedveileder) og professor dr. Yuri Orlov, CICESE Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico (medveileder)

 

What to do as an audience member:

The disputation is open to the public, but to follow the trial lecture and the public defence you have to click in as an audience member on this ink: https://uia.pameldingssystem.no/disputas-philipp-pasolli  A Zoom-link will be returned to you.

We ask audience members to join the virtual trial lecture at 10:05 at the earliest and the public defense at 12:05 at the earliest. After these times, you can leave and rejoin the meeting at any time. Further, we ask audience members to turn off their microphone and camera and keep them turned off throughout the event. You do this at the bottom left of the image when in Zoom. We recommend you use ‘Speaker view’. You select that at the top right corner of the video window when in Zoom.

Opponent ex auditorio:

The chair invites members of the public to pose questions ex auditorio in the introduction to the public defense, with deadlines. Questions can be submitted to the chair  Michael Rygaard Hansen at e-mail michael.r.hansen@uia.no

The thesis is available here:

Link to the PhD defense which is transmitted via the Zoom conferencing app:

The disputation is open to the public, but to follow the trial lecture and the public defence you have to click in as an audience member on this link: https://uia.pameldingssystem.no/disputas-philipp-pasolli A Zoom-link will be returned to you.

Here are introductions for how to use Zoom: support.zoom.us if you cannot join by clicking on the link.