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Enrique Blanco Gonzalez

Associate Professor

Associate Professor

J1011 ( Universitetsveien 25, Kristiansand )


Ph.D. Bioresource Science (Fish Genetics). Hiroshima University, Japan. 2009

M.Sc. Bioresource Science & Technology (Fish Genetics). Hiroshima University, Japan. 2006

D.E.A. Zoology (equivalent to M.Sc., Zoology). University of Cadiz, Spain. 2004

B.Sc. Marine Science.University of Cadiz, Spain. 2000

Academic interests

Research interests

My research interests lie in molecular ecology and conservation genetics of marine species. Using DNA-based tools, I aim at understanding the mechanisms shaping genetic diversity at different spatial-temporal scales and the role of anthropogenic activities (i.e. overfishing, aquaculture, stock enhancement) and climate change in ecosystems’ dynamics and the evolutionary response of marine communities. Mating behavior and reproductive strategies are other areas of special relevance to me. Among others, I am interesting in clarifying the reproductive fitness of released fish and their potential hybridization with wild counterparts.


Courses at UiA

BIO400. Fisheries Oceanography

BIO207. Marine Conservation Biology


Ongoing project

2014-2018 PI. Havkyst Program, Norwegian Research Council: Adaptation or plasticity as response to large scale translocations and harvesting over a climatic gradient in the marine ecosystem?

2016-2018 Collaborator. FORMAS Program, Swedish Research Council: A new and rapidly emerging fishery: wrasse cleaner fish, in need of management

2015-2016 PI. Havkyst Program, Norwegian Research Council: New bioinformatics approaches for studying local adaptation in coastal fish

Research group

I am part of the Marine Group at the Department of Natural Sciences. I also collaborate with the Centre for Coastal Research (CCR).  

Scientific publications

  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; de Boer, Femke (2021). Correction to: The development of the Norwegian wrasse fishery and the use of wrasses as cleaner fish in the salmon aquaculture industry. Fisheries Science. ISSN: 0919-9268. 87 (3). s 425 - 426. doi:10.1007/s12562-021-01502-z.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; de Boer, Femke (2021). The development of the Norwegian wrassefishery and the use of wrasses as cleanerfish in the salmon aquaculture industry (Review Article). Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi. ISSN: 0021-5392. 87 (4). s 322 - 322.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique (2019). Biological Control of Sea Lice Infestation in the Norwegian Salmon Aquaculture: Are Cleaner Fish a Solution?. Journal of Integrated Field Science. ISSN: 2434-4761. 16s 2 - 3.
  • Mattingsdal, Morten; Jorde, Per Erik; Knutsen, Halvor; Jentoft, Sissel; Stenseth, Nils Christian; Sodeland, Marte; Robalo, Joana I.; Hansen, Michael M.; André, Carl; Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique (2019). Demographic history has shaped the strongly differentiated corkwing wrasse populations in Northern Europe. Molecular Ecology. ISSN: 0962-1083. s 1 - 12. doi:10.1111/mec.15310.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Torstensnes, Ingrid; Naito, Mana (2019). Embryonic development in corkwing wrasse, Symphodus melops. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. ISSN: 0893-8849. 50 (5). s 993 - 1001. doi:10.1111/jwas.12610.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Espeland, Sigurd Heiberg; Jentoft, Sissel; Hansen, Michael Møller; Robalo, Joana I.; Stenseth, Nils Christian; Jorde, Per Erik (2019). Interbreeding between local and translocated populations of a cleaner fish in an experimental mesocosm predicts risk of disrupted local adaptation. Ecology and Evolution. ISSN: 2045-7758. 9 (11). s 6665 - 6677. doi:10.1002/ece3.5246.
  • Mattingsdal, Morten; Jentoft, Sissel; Tørresen, Ole K.; Knutsen, Halvor; Hansen, Michael Möller; Robalo, Joana I.; Zagrodzka, Zuzanna; Andre, Carl; Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique (2018). A continuous genome assembly of the corkwing wrasse (Symphodus melops). Genomics. ISSN: 0888-7543. 110 (6). s 399 - 403. doi:10.1016/j.ygeno.2018.04.009.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; de Boer, Femke (2017). The development of the Norwegian wrasse fishery and the use of wrasses as cleaner fish in the salmon aquaculture industry. Fisheries Science. ISSN: 0919-9268. 83 (5). s 661 - 670. doi:10.1007/s12562-017-1110-4.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Knutsen, Halvor; Jorde, Per Erik (2016). Habitat discontinuities separate genetically divergent populations of a rocky shore marine fish. PLOS ONE. ISSN: 1932-6203. 11 (10). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0163052.
  • Knutsen, Halvor; Jorde, Per Erik; Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Eigaard, Ole Ritzau; Pereyra, Ricardo T.; Sannæs, Hanne; Dahl, Mikael; André, Carl; Søvik, Guldborg (2015). Does population genetic structure support present management regulations of the northern shrimp (Pandalus borealis)in Skagerrak and the North Sea?. ICES Journal of Marine Science. ISSN: 1054-3139. 72s 863 - 871. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsu204.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Aritaki, Masato; Knutsen, Halvor; Taniguchi, Nobuhiko (2015). Effects of large-scale releases on the genetic structure of red sea bream (Pagrus major, Temminck et Schlegel) populations in Japan. PLOS ONE. ISSN: 1932-6203. 10 (5). s 1 - 20. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0125743.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Knutsen, Halvor; Jorde, Per Erik; Glover, Kevin; Bergstad, Odd Aksel (2014). Genetic analyses of ling (Molva molva) in the Northeast Atlantic reveal patterns relevant to stock assessments and management advice. ICES Journal of Marine Science. ISSN: 1054-3139. 72 (2). s 635 - 641. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsu135.
  • Knutsen, Halvor; Jorde, Per Erik; Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Robalo, Joana I.; Albretsen, Jon; Almada, Vitor C. (2013). Climate Change and Genetic Structure of Leading Edge and Rear End Populations in a Northwards Shifting Marine Fish Species, the Corkwing Wrasse (Symphodus melops). PLOS ONE. ISSN: 1932-6203. 8 (6). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0067492.
  • Taniguchi, Nobuhiko; Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Noguchi, Daiki (2013). Genetic population structure and risk simulation of stock enhancement program. Stock enhancement and risk management for coastal fishery resources – Monitoring on genetic diversity and efficiency of stock enhancement. ISBN: 978-4769914600. Kouseisha Kouseikaku. 8. s 110 - 127.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Aritaki, Masato; Sakurai, Shigeru; Taniguchi, Nobuhiko (2012). Inference of potential genetic risks associated with large-scale releases of Red Sea bream in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA analysis. Marine Biotechnology. ISSN: 1436-2228. 15 (2). s 206 - 220. doi:10.1007/s10126-012-9479-7.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Umino, Tetsuya (2012). Managing the genetic resources in the intensive stock enhancement program carried out on black sea bream in Hiroshima Bay. Analysis of Genetic Variation in Animals. ISBN: 978-953-51-0093-5. IntechOpen. 11. s 217 - 230.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Aritaki, Masato; Taniguchi, Nobuhiko (2012). Microsatellite multiplex panels for genetic studies of red sea bream. Fisheries Science. ISSN: 0919-9268. 73s 603 - 611. doi:10.1007/s12562-012-0469-5.
  • Umino, Tetsuya; Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Saito, Hidetoshi; Nakagawa, Heisuke (2011). Problems associated with the recovery on landings of black sea bream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii) intensively released in Hiroshima Bay, Japan. Global Change: Mankind-Marine Environment Interactions : Proceedings of the 13th French-Japanese Oceanography Symposium. ISBN: 978-90-481-8629-7. Springer Science+Business Media B.V.. 6. s 37 - 40.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Taniguchi, Nobuhiko; Umino, Tetsuya (2010). Can ordinary single-day egg collection increase the effective population size in broodstock management programs? Breeder-offspring assignment in black sea bream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii) through two-hourly intervals. Aquaculture. ISSN: 0044-8486. 308s S12 - S19. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2010.06.031.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Umino, Tetsuya (2009). Fine-scale genetic structure derived from stocking black sea bream, Acanthopagrus schlegelii (Bleeker, 1854), in Hiroshima Bay, Japan. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. ISSN: 0175-8659. 25s 407 - 410. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01249.x.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Murakami, Tomoya; Teshima, Yuki; Yoshioka, Kouji; Jeong, Dal-Sang; Umino, Tetsuya (2009). Paternity testing on wild black rockfish Sebastes inermis (brownish type) from the Seto Inland Sea. Ichthyological Research. ISSN: 1341-8998. 56s 87 - 91. doi:10.1007/s10228-008-0055-0.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Murakami, Tomoya; Yoneji, Takashi; Nagasawa, Kazuya; Umino, Tetsuya (2009). Reduction in size-at-age of black sea bream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii) following intensive releases of cultured juveniles in Hiroshima Bay, Japan. Fisheries Research. ISSN: 0165-7836. 99s 130 - 133. doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2009.04.013.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Umino, Tetsuya; Nagasawa, Kazuya (2008). Stock enhancement program for black sea bream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii) in Hiroshima Bay, Japan: a review. Aquaculture Research. ISSN: 1355-557X. 39s 1307 - 1315. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2109.2008.01996.x.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Nagasawa, Kazuya; Umino, Tetsuya (2008). Stock enhancement program for black sea bream (Acanthopagrus schlegelii) in Hiroshima Bay: monitoring the genetic effects. Aquaculture. ISSN: 0044-8486. 276s 36 - 43. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2008.02.004.
  • Jeong, Dal-Sang; Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Morishima, Kagayaki; Arai, Katsutoshi; Umino, Tetsuya (2007). Parentage assignment of stocked black sea bream, Acanthopagrus schlegeli in Hiroshima Bay using microsatellite DNA markers. Fisheries Science. ISSN: 0919-9268. 73s 823 - 830. doi:10.1111/j.1444-2906.2007.01402.x.
  • Infante, Carlos; Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Zuasti, Eugenia; Crespo, Aniela; Manchado, Manuel (2007). Phylogenetic differentiation between Atlantic Scomber colias and Pacific Scomber japonicus based on nuclear DNA sequences. Genetica. ISSN: 0016-6707. 130s 1 - 8. doi:10.1007/s10709-006-0014-5.
  • Murakami, Tomoya; Aida, Satoshi; Yoshioka, Kouji; Yoshida, Harumi; Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Nishibori, Masahide; Umino, Tetsuya (2006). Mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite DNA as genetic tags for stocked population of black rockfish Sebastes inermis of hatchery origin. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi. ISSN: 0021-5392. 72s 710 - 716. doi:10.2331/suisan.72.710.
  • Gonzalez, Ruby; Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique (2019). Restricted translocations needed to preserve cleaner fish genetic diversity: study.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique (2019). Genetic monitoring contributes to preserve local genetic diversity and the adaptive potential of translocated wrasses, and insights into the threat of climate change.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique; Præbel, Kim; Wangensteen Fuentes, Owen Simon (2019). Unfolding the secrets of environmental DNA as the next generation survey tool.
  • Blanco Gonzalez, Enrique (2019). Survival of the fittest, adaptive response of cleaner fish and the implications for sea lice eating performance.

Last changed: 30.05.2022 11:05